Английский для юристов, English for Professional Communication in Law, Problem Solving, Артамонова Л.С., 2012.
Пособие предназначено для подготовки студентов к речевому взаимодействию в профессионально-деловой и социокультурной сферах коммуникации. Пособие содержит Книгу студента и Книгу учителя. Предложены такие темы, как: Law in Everyday Life, Human Rights, Juvenile Delinquency, The Police, Punishment, ..., Logical Thinking.
Для студентов вузов, обучающихся по специальности «Юриспруденция», а также всех, изучающих английский язык.
The Rule of Law.
The ideas of the rule of law and the separation of powers are deeply embedded in European political culture. Aristotle (384—322 BC) pronounced that it is better for the law to rule than for any of the citizens to rule. The rule of law was described by the thirteenth century jurist Brac-ton in terms that «the King should be under no man but under God and the Law because the Law makes him King», and has been said to comprise «the government of laws and not of men». |Art. 16 of the Declaration of the Rights of Man (1789) states that «a society where rights are not secured or the separation of powers established has no constitution».
The mythology of the rule of law is basic to English political culture. The eighteenth-century constitution was dominated by the mythology of the rule of law and the separation of powers. The theory of the «balanced» or «harmonious» constitution divided power between the three elements of monarchy, aristocracy (House of Lords) and democracy (to a limited extent, the House of Commons). The constitution was regarded as a delicately balanced machine held in place by the rule of law. For example, the monarch could make law only with the consent of both Houses but could appoint and dismiss the government and dissolve Parliament. The Crown however needed parliamentary support since financial power depended on the Commons. The rule of law also protected individual rights imagined as being grounded in ancient common law tradition. There was no doctrine that State necessity could override the ordinary law.