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История английской и американской литературы, Позднякова Л.Р., 2002

История английской и американской литературы, Позднякова Л.Р., 2002

История английской и американской литературы, Позднякова Л.Р., 2002.
 
  Пособие содержит материалы от начала зарождения английской и американской литературы от раннего средневековья до наших дней.
Предназначено для студентов вузов, гуманитарных гимназий, лицеев.

THE ANGLO-SAXONS (450—1100).
Background
Britain, as a place, was first mentioned by ancient Greek writers. To the Greeks, Britain was a legendary place - remote and mysterious. The Romans found the island occupied by Celtic Britons, who were related to the Celtic peoples of Western Europe conquered by the Romans. During the fifth century, when the Roman Empire was crumbling, the Romans withdrew, leaving the Celtic peoples to find their own means of defense.

Despite a brief period of military success under the leadership of the individual who became the King Arthur of medieval legend, the culture of the Romanized Celts of Britain had collapsed by 600 under the attacks of a variety of enemies, principally German tribes from across the North Sea. For the following two hundred and fifty years (600—850), the Anglo-Saxons - a multitude of wealthy, independent lords and kings - fought among themselves, with many kingdoms rising and falling.